A burn can be as a result of over-exposure to the sun or even other radiation, scalding and contact with chemicals, flames or even electricity as well as smoke inhalation. However, first aid for burn often depends on how-severe it is.
There are instance that burn may result to excess skin part and that can be removed with operation. But some who has question on will my navel be removed, then definately such operation can be done. With that we recommend to refer to the previous link and read through articles peration to such topic.
There are majorly three levels of burns thus, knowing how to treat them quickly as well as efficiently is very important. They include;
First-degree burn; it basically causes local inflammation of your skin. These inflammations are characterized by redness of the skin, pain as well as a mild-amount of swelling though your skin may be quite tender to touch. A good example being sunburns.
Second-degree burn; the outer skin layer is burned and it’s characterized by pain, inflammation or develop blisters and redness of the skin.
Third-degree burn; the burn are deeper but involves all skin layers both the epidermis and dermis. Since these deeper burns kills the area of the burn and both the nerve as well as blood vessels are often damages. The skin will appear to be white as well as leathery. However, different from other types of burn, with 3rd degree burn, often, it’s relatively painless due to dead tissues.
First aid for 1st degree burn;
Step 1: Run cool water over the burn area for five minutes. it helps stop the burning-process as well as reduces the pain and swelling involved.Try not to rub a burn or even put an ice on a burn since it can worsen the injury. Don’t break blisters; it can increase possibilities of infecting the burn area.
Step 2: Remove any tight items from the affected or burn area. It should be done faster but gently before the affected area stats swelling.
Step 3: cover the area that’s burn using a clean and sterile-gauze bandage that won’t stick onto the burnt site. It should be wrap loosely in-order to avoid exerting pressure onto the burn area. Bandaging often keeps-off the air from the burn area and helps reduce infections and reduces pain as well
Step 4: Always protect the burn area. Keep the burn areas clean with gentle washing using soap and water. However, don’t apply any ointments onto the burn area but only when directed by a pediatrician. It can increase possibilities of infection.
Step 5: Do not break blisters to avoid infection but if it breaks, just clean the affected area using mild water or even mild soap and apply an antibiotic-ointment. But incase rashes starts to develop, it’s advisable to stop applying the ointment. You can also take pain reliever such as ibuprofen or apply lotion that contains aloe-Vera or even a moisturizer once the burn area is cooled to help in preventing drying as well as to provide relief.
First aid for major burns (2nd and 3rd degree burn)
They are categorized as severe burn and they need immediate medical attention but while seeking medical help, you can do these to help the situation that include;
Protecting the burned individual from further harm
Make sure that the injured person is breathing. you can start rescue breathing that is, if you know-how but if needed
Remove any restrictive items such as jewelry, clothes or even belt around the burned areas since burned area often swell rapidly.
Cover the burn area using a cool or even moist bandage. a clean cloth can also be used. ·Do not immerse severe burns (large) in water. If you do so, it can cause a more serious loss of body-heat.
Raise the burned area above heart-level that is, if possible.
Keep watch for signs/symptoms of shock such as pale-complexion, fainting or even breathing in a shallow manner.