Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation, widely referred to as CPR, is a kind of emergency course of action undertaken to restore the circulation of blood to the body when the victim is breathing anomalous or not in any manner because of a mishap or heart failure. CPR is given as a part of first aid until further help arrives and request for an immediate appointment to the doctor..
While you may be already aware of the term CPR and must have seen it being enacted in various movies and television shows, the following points will tell you the ground reality as well as the importance of cardiopulmonary resuscitation and what you must do in such situations.
- When CPR Must Be Given: CPR should be administered in situations where the person has an irregular breathing pattern, breathing in gasps or not breathing at all. It`s also given to resuscitate a person who is unconscious. The cardiac arrest which causes impaired circulation of blood due to weak contractions of the heart is a common situation to administer CPR. Near drowning, electrocution and suffocation are only a few of the circumstances that might require you to provide CPR to revive the victim.
- Aims of CPR: It`s critical that you cast away the numerous confusions concerning CPR and comprehend its prime aim. The purpose of this procedure is not to restart the heart, but only to restore the flow of blood to different parts of the body especially to the heart and brain. When blood circulation stops or gets severely limited, there are only a few minutes before the body suffers permanent damage. The aim of CPR is thus to delay any such damage to the tissues and organs of the body by inducing circulation until a more advanced medical assistance is given. In doing so, it also follows some of the primary aims of first aid that includes saving lives and preventing further harm.
- CPR Procedure: A standard CPR procedure involves administering chest compressions at a rate of 100 per minute and artificial respiration either through mouth-to-mouth resuscitation or through a device. 30 compresses followed by two breaths is the universally recommended ratio. These procedures may, however, very slightly in cases of adults, children, infants, and pregnant women. Likewise, since the general population on the scene of crisis may not know CPR methods or may not be sure to control such treatment, it`s prescribed that untrained people should give hands only or compression-only CPR, while the standard CPR complete with artificial respiration should be administered by trained personnel alone who can gauge the pulse and take the necessary action.
- Call for Help: Since CPR is only an emergency procedure, you must call for professional assistance immediately so that defibrillation or any other advanced aid may be provided. Also if you are unsure on how to administer CPR, you can ask help from the officials who will guide you over the phone on how to give hands-only CPR which is relatively easy to understand.
While giving CPR by itself may not prompt recuperation, it can purchase valuable minutes which can spare a life.